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7 Key Facts and Hypertension Statistics Your Patients Should Know [Infographic]

According to the American Heart Association, 46% of American adults have high blood pressure (hypertension).1 The higher the blood pressure, the greater risk of experiencing a heart attack, heart failure, stroke and kidney disease.2

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is defined as blood flowing through blood vessels, or arteries, at higher than normal pressures putting force against the artery wall.3 There are two different types of hypertension, primary and secondary. Primary hypertension is the result of an unidentifiable cause whereas secondary hypertension is the result of an underlying cause which needs to be corrected prior to diagnosis.4

Common Risk Factors for Developing Hypertension

There are numerous risk factors, specifically fixed and modifiable risk factors, that have been identified for the development of hypertension. Examples of these risk factors include:4

Fixed risk factors

  • Psychosocial stress
  • Premature birth
  • Low birth weight
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Family history
  • Increased age
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Modifiable risk factors

  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Low potassium
  • High sodium
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • High cholesterol
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Unhealthy diet

Stages of Hypertension

Blood pressure (BP) can be measured using either a manual or automated sphygmomanometer. Systolic pressure is the top number of a BP reading, which is the amount of pressure your blood is exerting against artery walls when the heart beats.Diastolic pressure is the bottom number of a BP reading, which is the amount of pressure your blood is exerting against artery walls between heart beats.5 In the American Heart Association’s 2017 Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults, hypertension was classified into four different stages to help healthcare providers determine proper treatment and follow-up: normal, elevated BP, stage 1 and stage 2.4

BP Category

Systolic BP/Diastolic BP

Normal Blood Pressure

<120/<80 mmHg

Elevated Blood Pressure

120-129/<80 mmHg

Stage 1 Hypertension

130-139/80-89 mmHg

Stage 2 Hypertension

≥140/≥90 mmHg

Hypertensive Urgency

>180 mmHg/>120 mmHg

Hypertensive Emergency

>180 mmHg + target organ damage/>120 mmHg + target organ damage

Detecting, Diagnosing and Managing Hypertension

Detecting, diagnosing and managing hypertension requires a plan that extends beyond the four walls of the practice. To help, automated blood pressure monitors can average multiple readings across various settings to obtain the most accurate view of a patient’s blood pressure. As best practice, providers should:

  • Detect the condition in the office with accurate readings
  • Diagnose the condition with multiple readings inside and outside the office
  • Manage hypertensive patients to help them reach their target blood pressure

Treatment Recommendations

Lifestyle changes, specifically diet and exercise, are useful for preventing and treating hypertension, especially in adults with elevated BP and milder forms of hypertension.6, 7 Nonpharmacologic therapy alone can reduce systolic blood pressure by approximately 4 to 11 mmHg.4 Patients can help manage their condition by:

  • Following the DASH diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Reducing sodium intake
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Managing stress
  • Limiting alcohol consumption
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Getting quality sleep
  • Monitoring blood pressure at home

As always, it is crucial that hypertensive patients follow their doctor’s treatment plan.

To help educate your patients and staff, we’ve created a helpful infographic that conveys key facts and statistics about hypertension including how to detect, diagnose and manage the condition from inside the office to the home.

7 Facts You Need to Know About Hypertension Infographic

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ABPM 7100 Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitor

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References

American Heart Association. More than 100 million Americans have high blood pressure, AHA says. https://www.heart.org/en/news/2018/05/01/more-than-100-million-americans-have-high-blood-pressure-aha-says. Accessed December 4, 2018.

National Institutes of Health. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. JNC 7 Express. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. High Blood Pressure. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/high-blood-pressure. Accessed September 17, 2018.

American Heart Association. 2017 Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults. Accessed September 13, 2018.

American Heart Association. Understanding Blood Pressure Readings. http://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood-pressure-readings. Accessed September 19, 2018.

Whelton PK, Appel LJ, Espeland MA, et al; for the TONE Collaborative Research Group. Sodium reduction and weight loss in the treatment of hypertension in older persons: a randomized controlled trial of nonpharmacologic interventions in the elderly (TONE). JAMA. 1998;279(11):839-846.

Whelton PK. The elusiveness of population-wide high blood pressure control. Annu Rev Public Health. 2015;36:109-130.